About Brain Tumors


Gliomas are the most common brain and spinal cord tumours, comprising about half of all brain tumours. Their cause is unknown and only rare cases are genetic or inherited.

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Types Of Giloma

A glioma is a tumour of glial cells, which are the supporting cells of the brain. There are three types of glial cells:


A tumour of astrocytes forms an astrocytoma. The astrocytes have many tentacles that form a sponge-like skeleton that supports the nerve cells. They also help nerve cell nutrition. Astrocytomas form about 90% of all gliomas.


This cell makes myelin, which is an insulating sheath around the nerve cells. A tumour of these cells is called an oligodendra glioma and these make up about 5% of all gliomas. Some tumours contain both oligodendra glioma and astrocytoma elements.


An ependymocyte is the cell which lines the ventricles or cavities within the brain and the spinal cord. A tumour is called an ependymoma, which makes up about 5% of gliomas. These tumours are more common in children.

Grades of Glioma

Pathologists also classify gliomas into grades. Grade 1 is the slowest growing; grade 4 the fastest growing. A grade 4 tumour is also called a glioblastoma or glioblastoma multiforme (GBM).

Grade 1

Pilocytic astrocytoma often occur in children and can be cured with surgery. The most common example is the juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma which often occurs in the cerebellum.

Grade 2 (low grade astroctytoma)

This type of tumour usually occurs in adults. It quite often presents with seizures. It is called an astrocytoma or a diffuse astrocytoma.

Grade 3

Anaplastic astrocytoma is also called a malignant cytoma. It is fast growing and more invasive than the low grade astrocytoma.

Grade 4

Glioblastoma multiforme is an aggressive tumour which is unfortunately the most common type of brain tumour in adults.

Surgery Objective

The objective of surgery is total removal of the glioma. Sometimes this is not possible because of the tumour’s location, as there is often no clear boundary between healthy cells and a tumour.

In addition to this, tumours tend to regrow after removal. Often the tumour cells extend well beyond what can be seen on imaging studies or at surgery. This is why gliomas tend to regrow at their site of origin.

Even when the tumour has been removed, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are also needed to help prevent tumour recurrence. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are standard practice for grade 3 and grade 4 tumours. Radiotherapy is supervised by a radiotherapist and chemotherapy is administered by a medical oncologist.

The prognosis or lifespan of patients with gliomas depends on the type of tumour, its location, the extent of surgical resection and its response to other therapies. There is considerable variation in individual patient responses.


Meningiomas account for 20 percent of cerebral tumours. The meningioma is a tumour of the covering of the brain and spinal cord. They are generally benign tumours that grow on the surface of the brain or base of the skull, and compress the brain or spinal cord.

Surgery is the primary treatment and many meningiomas can either be cured or controlled for the life of the patient. While most are benign, a few are more aggressive and tend to recur. These are called atypical meningiomas. They are rarely malignant but can regrow quickly.

For this reason,Dr.KevalSansaiya performs regular MRI scans every one or two years after surgery. Occasionally, very aggressive meningiomas may require radiotherapy. This can either be standard radiotherapy or sometimes a localised form of radiotherapy – called stereotactic radiosurgery – is used for some tumours (generally those less than three centimetres).

The prognosis for meningiomas is generally excellent, but is also dependant on the site of the tumour within the brain.

Acoustic Neuroma

This is a tumour of the eighth cranial nerve. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves and 90% of acoustic neuromas arise from the balance portion of the eighth cranial nerve.

These tumours are called schwannomas and they tend to present with hearing loss and increasing deafness. Surgery has been the mainstay treatment and it usually results in a cure.

More recently, stereotactic radiosurgery has been used for small (less than 3cm) tumours. But since tumours tend to shrink rather than go away, one to two-yearly scanning is required. Nonetheless, radiosurgery appears to be a valid treatment option.
When surgery is performed today, it is generally done through the ear, performed by an ear, nose and throat surgeon, sometimes in conjunction with a neurosurgeon.

On the rare occasions that these tumours are large, we perform an exposure approaching from the back of the skull.

Why Surgicare ?

Surgicare is COVID-19 safe

our safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. Our procedures are according to the norms of NABH.

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Medical Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

Frequently   Asked Questions

The medical coordinator, on day 1 or the first interaction tries to understand your problem and helps you guide with the best treatment options. He/ she will assist you in getting your OPD scheduled and will help you connect with the best surgeon according to your needs.

Yes, it is completely safe to visit Surgicare clinic or hospital. Surgicare has placed the highest standards of safety and hygiene practices while treating or diagnosing any patient. Surgicare has arranged for temperature screening at the gates of every clinic and hospital. A dedicated screening personnel is placed at every clinic with a thermometer, face mask, sanitizer, hand gloves and protective gowns. Sitting arrangements with a social distance of 5-6 feet have been made for all patients and attendants. All the clinics and hospitals are sanitized on a daily basis. Disposable bed sheets and couch cover only shall be used and the same shall be disposed off after every round of patient visit. Doctors/ surgeons do not start any treatment without wearing necessary protective gears.

Yes, Surgicare offers online doctor consultation. With online consultation in place, patients can now consult a doctor based on their specialization from anywhere, anytime as per the available slots. Our patients can opt to talk to our doctors via call or online chat to discuss their health issues. Our doctors thoroughly understand the patient's issue and provide them the necessary medications and tests.

Surgicare assists you in getting the insurance approval done within 30 minutes. Surgicare is not an insurance regulatory. Your insurance coverage depends on the health insurance type (personal, corporate) and the terms and conditions set by the insurance provider. Our insurance team helps you get the maximum benefits of your policy and makes sure that while availing the insurance, you have all the payment options - cashless and reimbursement payment (depends hospital to hospital).

Yes, you can avail second medical opinion by specialised doctors for all diseases. Our doctor tracks your pathology reports, your post-operative report (if you had a surgery earlier), your discharge summary (if you were hospitalised earlier for the disease), your current treatment and medication plan, and guides you with the required/ new treatment course ahead.

On the day of the surgery, a dedicated ‘care buddy’ is assigned to every patient. 'Care buddy’ is a unique concept of Surgicare. The ‘care buddy’ is responsible for carrying out all important tasks and paperworks while the patient goes through the surgery.

Know More   About Surgicare ?

All humans deserve equal treatment but everyone cannot afford costly treatments at multispeciality or super-specialty hospitals.

In India, many people don’t even have mediclaim to deal with medical emergencies. Also, there is a lack of experienced professionals to consult for a second opinion in case of surgery. Surgicare & ICU is built keeping in view the above points. It offers surgery and post-surgery critical care.

Surgicare & ICU Hospital is well equipped for all kinds of surgeries and offers one of the best ICU teams of Vadodara to take care of critical patients. It offers help to all those patients who do not have mediclaim but need treatments. Surgicare & ICU offers the opportunity for second opinions.

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