About Pituitary Tumors

Pituitary tumours or pituitary adenomas account for 15% of cerebral tumours. They are almost all benign tumours of the anterior (front) of the pituitary gland, which produces several important hormones that control other glands in the body, such as the thyroid, testes and ovaries.

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The anterior pituitary gland produces the following hormones

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) – stimulates the ovaries to produce eggs but is also important in the male for fertility.

Luteinizing Hormone (LH) – stimulates the ovaries to produce progesterone to help prepare the uterus for the reception of a fertilised egg.

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) – stimulates the adrenal gland to produce cortisol and aldosterone, two very important hormones.

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) – stimulates the thyroid.

Growth Hormone (GH) – stimulates the liver to produce ILF-1, which stimulates many cells in the body to grow.

Prolactin (PRL) – is necessary for milk production in pregnant females.

The posterior pituitary gland produces two hormones

Anti Diuretic Hormone (ADH) – this hormone concentrates water in the kidney, preventing the kidneys from losing many litres of water per day.

Oxytocin – this is important for the release of milk when a baby suckles the breast of its mother

Broadly speaking, there are two types of pituitary tumours

Macroadenomas; which are tumours over one cubic centimetre.

Microadenomas; which are less than one cubic centimetre.

Pituitary tumours can cause problems by growing too large and compressing adjacent structures, such as the optic nerves (which can cause blindness) or the nerves that control eye movement (which can cause double vision). Sometimes these tumours expand suddenly, causing headaches and a rapid onset of blindness.

ther pituitary tumours can secrete hormones, due to overproduction of these hormones. For example, a prolactinoma can lead to loss of periods, infertility or leakage of milk from the breast in women; or cause impotence in men.

Tumours that secrete growth hormone can cause acromegaly, where soft tissues in the body enlarge, such as the nose, tongue, fingers and heart. They can also cause other conditions such hypertension and diabetes. In children, excess growth hormone produces gigantism.

An over-secretion of ACTH can cause Cushing’s disease, where patients develop high blood pressure, depression, diabetes, osteoporosis and other problems.

On rare occasions pituitary tumours can secrete TSH, which can cause hyperactivity of the thyroid gland.

Some pituitary tumours can be treated with an endocrinologist or hormone specialist with medication. Other tumours, when they are large and compressing on adjacent structures or unresponsive to medical therapy, require surgery.

If surgery is needed there are two approaches

This is usually performed through the nose (transsphenoidal surgery) with anendoscope, and in conjunction with an ear, nose and throat surgeon who specialises in anterior fossa surgery.
An endoscope is placed in one nostril. A small amount of bone is removed from the base of the brain at the back of the nose, allowing access to the pituitary gland. The tumour is removed using special endoscopic equipment. This exposure avoids the need for a craniotomy..

Some pituitary tumours will require a craniotomy, which means performing a skull opening through the side of the skull. This is rarely required and only used when the tumours are large and extend laterally or up further into the brain.

Why Surgicare ?

Surgicare is COVID-19 safe

our safety is taken care of by thermal screening, social distancing, sanitized clinics and hospital rooms, sterilized surgical equipment and mandatory PPE kits during surgery.

Post Surgery Care

We offer free follow-up consultations and instructions including dietary tips as well as exercises to every patient to ensure they have a smooth recovery to their daily routines.

Medical Expertise With Technology

Our surgeons spend a lot of time with you to diagnose your condition. You are assisted in all pre-surgery medical diagnostics. Our procedures are according to the norms of NABH.

Assisted Surgery Experience

A dedicated Medical Coordinator assists you throughout the surgery journey from insurance paperwork, to free commute from home to hospital & back and admission-discharge process at the hospital.

Frequently   Asked Questions

The medical coordinator, on day 1 or the first interaction tries to understand your problem and helps you guide with the best treatment options. He/ she will assist you in getting your OPD scheduled and will help you connect with the best surgeon according to your needs.

Yes, it is completely safe to visit Surgicare clinic or hospital. Surgicare has placed the highest standards of safety and hygiene practices while treating or diagnosing any patient. Surgicare has arranged for temperature screening at the gates of every clinic and hospital. A dedicated screening personnel is placed at every clinic with a thermometer, face mask, sanitizer, hand gloves and protective gowns. Sitting arrangements with a social distance of 5-6 feet have been made for all patients and attendants. All the clinics and hospitals are sanitized on a daily basis. Disposable bed sheets and couch cover only shall be used and the same shall be disposed off after every round of patient visit. Doctors/ surgeons do not start any treatment without wearing necessary protective gears.

Yes, Surgicare offers online doctor consultation. With online consultation in place, patients can now consult a doctor based on their specialization from anywhere, anytime as per the available slots. Our patients can opt to talk to our doctors via call or online chat to discuss their health issues. Our doctors thoroughly understand the patient's issue and provide them the necessary medications and tests.

Surgicare assists you in getting the insurance approval done within 30 minutes. Surgicare is not an insurance regulatory. Your insurance coverage depends on the health insurance type (personal, corporate) and the terms and conditions set by the insurance provider. Our insurance team helps you get the maximum benefits of your policy and makes sure that while availing the insurance, you have all the payment options - cashless and reimbursement payment (depends hospital to hospital).

Yes, you can avail second medical opinion by specialised doctors for all diseases. Our doctor tracks your pathology reports, your post-operative report (if you had a surgery earlier), your discharge summary (if you were hospitalised earlier for the disease), your current treatment and medication plan, and guides you with the required/ new treatment course ahead.

On the day of the surgery, a dedicated ‘care buddy’ is assigned to every patient. 'Care buddy’ is a unique concept of Surgicare. The ‘care buddy’ is responsible for carrying out all important tasks and paperworks while the patient goes through the surgery.

Know More   About Surgicare ?

All humans deserve equal treatment but everyone cannot afford costly treatments at multispeciality or super-specialty hospitals.

In India, many people don’t even have mediclaim to deal with medical emergencies. Also, there is a lack of experienced professionals to consult for a second opinion in case of surgery. Surgicare & ICU is built keeping in view the above points. It offers surgery and post-surgery critical care.

Surgicare & ICU Hospital is well equipped for all kinds of surgeries and offers one of the best ICU teams of Vadodara to take care of critical patients. It offers help to all those patients who do not have mediclaim but need treatments. Surgicare & ICU offers the opportunity for second opinions.

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